Did you know that there was a smaller twin of the famous Mont Saint-Michel in Normandy in France on the English side of the Channel? Similar in shape to Mont Saint-Michel, St. Michael’s Mount is a rocky island topped with a castle. St. Michael’s Mount is one of the most famous sites in Cornwall, the southernmost county of England that juts westward into the Atlantic ocean. Although the family still have living quarters at the castle, the mount is now operated by the National Trust.
You can reach St. Michael’s Mount by walking along a granite sett causeway.
History of St. Michael’s Mount in Cornwall
Edward the Confessor, King of England from 1044 to 1066, gave St. Michael’s Mount to the Benedictine monks of Mont Saint-Michel in Normandy in the 11th century. St. Michael’s Mount was under the control of Mont Saint-Michel until another English king took it back during the Hundred Years War with France.
When the tide comes in, the little island is completely isolated by the sea.
Even though the St. Aubyn family have lived on the island since the 17th century, the story of St. Michael’s Mount predates them. The oldest part of the castle dates to the 12th century.
Cannons protecting this vital little island in the English channel.
My son was fascinated to learn that St. Michael’s Mount was swept by a tsunami in 1755. It was caused by an earthquake in Portugal 1000 miles away!
The Castle, Chapel and Gardens at St. Michael’s Mount
The St. Aubyn family still live in the castle on a lease back from the National Trust which maintains the property. The co-manage taking care of the historic rooms open to the public. As you would expect, the inside of the castle has lots of dark wood and traditional decor. The views from the windows are fantastic.
Here’s the front door to the Castle. Yes, it’s that steep.
Corridors lined with family photos.
The cosy reading nook is just fabulous.
The grand dining room. I can’t imagine that little fire would keep this room warm when the wind whips off the Atlantic.
I love the detail of this fireplace hearth.
A statue of the Archangel Michael to whom the mount is dedicated.
Beautiful stained glass windows in the chapel.
The subtropical gardens are open when the gardens are in bloom.
The subtropical gardens pretty much hang off the rocky surface of the Mount.
We wanted to know how anyone could possibly carry food and basic necessities up to the castle. It would be the perfect place for Amazon to drone drop their items. The National Trust guide told us there is a Victorian train that takes necessities up to the castle. You can see the train hidden behind the cafe near the base of the mount. It’s not so much a train as much as a wagon. On the other hand, it sure beats having to carry up luggage and groceries.
Tips for Visiting St. Michael’s Mount in Cornwall
Despite having read about visiting St. Michael’s Mount, we found we were not prepared for the actual visit.
The Easy Part of visiting St. Michael’s Mount:
I found that the things I worried about were actually really easy.
- St. Michael’s Mount has a dedicated parking lot right in the little town of Marazion across from the causeway where you can park your car. National Trust members receive discounted parking.
- The walk across the causeway is very easy and takes about 10-15 minutes.
- Don’t worry so much about the tides coming in. Every National Trust member seemed to know the times of the tides for the day. There are placards placed around the site reminding you of the tides.
- There are places to eat and shop on St. Michael’s Mount. After our trek up the hillside, we treated ourselves to some delicious ice-cream. The Courtyard Shop has a well-curated collection of items I hadn’t seen elsewhere.
Tips for visiting St. Michaels Mount in Cornwall, the English counterpart to Mont St-Michel in France
Here’s what I wish I had known about visiting St. Michael’s Mount:
- Make sure you wear comfortable walking shoes. Some of the stones underfoot really gouge into the soles of thin-soled shoes.
- Dogs are allowed only at the base of St. Michael’s Mount. The area is charmingly called the village and harbor. It is a more limited space than you would think because the walkway up to the castle is off-limits.
- I can not emphasise enough how much you should wear walking shoes. The path up to the Castle is NOT paved. My kids thought it was fun hopping from stone to stone. A well-dressed older gentlemen in front of us though went tumbling because his shoes did not have enough grip on the stones. We were lucky and went on a nice, dry day. I would imagine these stones would be trickier in wetter weather.
- The path up to the castle is pretty vertical. There are not even any front steps for this castle. You clamber up rocks to access it.
The castle looms over the mount.
- Obviously St. Michael’s Mount is not wheelchair or buggy friendly from what I have said. Even toddlers may find it challenging though. I know from my own kids that they when they were toddlers they just wanted to explore by themselves. You’ll need to keep a close eye on them because the stone pathways are not smooth. Even inside the castle, there’s lots of stairs which could present a problem.
- Right near the car park, there is a charming little playground for children to let off some steam.
- Marazion is a charming little town in its own right. It’s got restaurants, cafes and benches that overlook St Michael’s Mount. With the sun glistening of the water and the rocks, it’s a view that you really can’t get tired of.
These men were out crabbing when the tide was out.
- Like other places we found in Cornwall, St. Michael’s Mount is closed on a Saturday.
We thought St. Michael’s Mount was beautiful and lived up to expectations. When the tide is out, the beach is flat and great for children to play. When the tide is in, you can really see the beauty of the little isolated island castle.
On a cold rainy day, I visited Highgate Cemetery on a whim. I took a guided tour by a volunteer guide who regaled us with fascinating tidbits of history. Divided into two parts, east and west, Highgate Cemetery is one of the great monuments of London. It is Grade I listed by the National Heritage List of England (the highest architectural historical honour a monument can be given because they are of exceptional interest). One of the so-called Magnificent Seven, Highgate Cemetery in North London stands testament to the depressing fascination of the Victorians with death, mourning and keeping up appearances.
One of the Magnificent Seven, Highgate Cemetery is renowned for its architectural history.
The Magnificent Seven Cemeteries
Prior to the early 19th century, all of London’s dead were buried in local parish churchyards. As the population grow, this method lead to overcrowding and unhygienic disposal of corpses. People literally would just bury the dead in ditches near their homes.
Traditionally, wealthy people would bury their dead in their family cemeteries on their country estates. Neither the poor nor the growing middle class had the luxury of this option. So London was just getting more crowded until finally a cholera epidemic prompted the authorities to act.
In 1832, a Parliamentary encouraged the creation of private cemeteries in the outskirts of the city. They were inspired by the famous Parisian cemetery, Pere Lachaise built in 1804. Eventually seven such cemeteries were built – Highgate, Nunhead, Brompton, Abney Park, West Norwood, Tower Hamlets and Kensal Green. The term Magnificent Seven was given to the Victorian cemeteries in the 1980’s by an architectural historian.
The Victorian architecture of Highgate Cemetery seems very grand to us.
The tree lined paths of Highgate Cemetery would have been seriously posh for Victorian times.
Highgate Cemetery in North London
Highgate Cemetery was opened in 1839 and soon became a fashionable place to visit. Set in the beautiful countryside, the Victorians would make day trips to the cemetery to visit their dead relatives and picnic in the grounds.
The Victorian Fascination With Death
The Victorians had elaborate ceremonies for funerals and mourning. The lead example of mourning was Queen Victoria who wore black mourning clothes for 40 years after the death of her husband. There were even manuals that laid out the specifics for mourning etiquette (e.g., how long to wear mourning clothes for your first cousin by marriage twice removed).
The Victorian headstones are elaborate because they were a way to show who much grief and love they were feeling. A happy accident, of course, was that you were also able to flaunt your wealth and engage in a bit of pageantry. You had elaborate funeral corteges with black horses pulling carriages of mourners and the hearse. There were also mourners paid to follow the hearse looking suitable sombre.
No one is happy. Not even the angel. And even if the deceased were Scrooge incarnate.
In an age of prosperity where more people than ever were living longer than ever, the Victorians were really obsessed with the frailty of life. Many grave monuments were carved to depict life being cut short – broken columns, draped urns, etc. Besides, after the funeral cortege side-show arrived at Highgate Cemetery, you couldn’t just dump granny in any old grave.
Lots of monuments each telling a story.
Victorian Tombs in Highgate Cemetery
I thought the Victorian tombs were beautiful, especially in the sombre light of the grey day. Notable people who are buried here include: Henry Gray, the author of Gray’s Anatomy (not the TV series!!), Charles Cruft, the founder of the Crufts Dog Show, Christina Rossetti, poet, and the parents and wife of Charles Dickens.
We get it. Even the angels are weeping.
This man loved his pet lion. No, really. He was in the circus.
A cross? All you got me was a carved cross? Even the lion tamer got a lion.
The Victorians created Egyptian Avenue because interest in Ancient Egypt was very fashionable at the time. Its main feature is a giant cedar of Lebanon tree which had been in the manor grounds from which the land was purchased.
Egyptian Avenue was meant to impress.
The giant cedar of Lebanon looms over the graves.
Post-Victorian Tombs in Highgate Cemetery
Highgate cemetery now has over 170,000 people in 50,000+ graves. The most famous person buried in Highgate Cemetery is Karl Marx (on the Highgate East side). I thought his tomb was one of the less attractive ones. The giant head looming over everything is, in fact, a bit disconcerting.
Karl Marx, has a ginormous head stone, marking his last resting place.
You know what’s funny? Marx being buried in Highgate which is full of the middle-class capitalists that he despised. You would have to search hard to find any members of the proletariat like he intended (factory workers). At least he is in the vicinity of the nannies, drivers, housekeepers etc. which can substitute for his proles and the wealthy champagne socialists that hire them.
I was surprised to learn that the cemetery still accepts corpses for burial. With the changing demographics of North London, it has become popular with the Russians. I saw the tomb for Alexander Litvinenko, the Russian who was poisoned using polonium in 2006 in what is widely believed to be a Russian-government ordered execution. He was buried in a lead-lined coffin so that the poison wouldn’t leak into the environment.
The cemetery staff feed the pack of urban foxes who hang out in the cemetery.
Visiting Highgate Cemetery
You can book tours online for Highgate Cemetery directly at their website. You can only visit the Highgate West side (which is the most overgrown and architecturally interesting) on a guided visit. I really enjoyed my visit which was fascinating and educational thanks to the excellent guide/volunteer who really knew his stuff.
Something off the usual tourist path – A tour of the Victorian Highgate Cemetery.
You’ve heard the acronym bandied about in the last few days – Brexit or a British exit from the European Union. Another acronym that’s surfaced in the aftermath of the referendum held in Britain on Thursday the 23rd of June is Bregret – British voters regretting their vote for Brexit. The British vote for Brexit came as a shock to many as the Establishment applecart was overturned. The powers that be are still trying to retrieve the apples and there is an interim period of uncertainty. So, what does Brexit mean for visitors to Britain in the short (to medium) term?
The impact of Brexit for tourists to Britain.
The referendum calling for Brexit is non-binding, i.e., it is merely advisory. Parliament needs to take action to make it legal. Even though most of Parliament wants to stay in Europe, they would risk being undemocratic if they just ignored the Brexit vote.
Who’s Going to Deal with the D-I-V-O-R-C-E?
David Cameron, the UK Prime Minister, who wanted Britain to stay in Europe, has just resigned having decided that some one else can deal with the mess. His successor will be picked in October. The opposition party is likewise in disarray with calls for a change of leadership. The upshot is that British politics has been turned upside-down.
For Britain to trigger leaving the European Union, they need to do so under Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. It’s sort of like serving divorce papers. Then Britain and Europe have 2 years to sort out an agreement on how the split will work. I can’t help but think Europe will be Divorce Barbie and Britain will be Divorce Ken.
It’s Not You, It’s … OK It’s You
Cameron has said that the new Prime Minister will trigger Article 50. So papers aren’t going to get served until at least October and then the 2 year clock starts running. Some of the EU have grumbled that if the UK wants to leave, then they should just pack their bags and go.
“Britons decided yesterday that they want to leave the European Union, so it doesn’t make any sense to wait until October to try to negotiate the terms of their departure… It’s not an amicable divorce, but it was not exactly tight affair anyway.”
-Jeane Claude Juncker, EU Commission President
Doesn’t that sound like what an upset ex would say? It was never serious, OK? I am NOT upset.
Let’s Just Be Friends
In any event, whenever Article 50 gets started, there’s still another 2 years of waiting in limbo while the details get sorted. After all, Britain is geographically in Europe and the EU is an important trading partner. There is 40 years of history and relationships to untangle. It’s way more complicated than sorting out who gets to keep Great Aunty Hilda’s Grandfather clock.
The majority of London voted to stay in the European Union.
Won’t Someone Think of the Children?
Scotland and Northern Ireland voted to stay in Europe. Scotland has already had its referendum to leave the United Kingdom and chose to stay. Post-Brexit, they are saying they want to leave the UK and join Europe. Northern Ireland likewise would join up with the Republic of Ireland so that it could stay in the European Union.
It’s like children in a divorce refusing to stay with the custodial parent.
Regrets I’ve Had A Few
The British people are waking up to the consequences of the Brexit vote. Some applaud it, others don’t. Some of it has gotten ugly with xenophobia running rampant but that shouldn’t affect visitors though. You should remember though Britain has generally had a pretty peaceful democratic process. People don’t go around beheading their aristocrats or staging a military coup when they don’t like their government.
So, what does it matter for international visitors to Britain?
Britain is on sale
Great Exchange Rates
The British pound is at the lowest exchange rate in decades. With all the uncertainty in the market, rates are going to be good for the short to medium term. An expensive country suddenly just got a lot cheaper.
Experts predict that the UK will see less European visitors. In 2015, if you looked at it by nationality, European visitors made up 7 out 10 visitors to Britain. The tourist sites will be less busy. Plus, there will be less people from nations with a less rigorous approach towards standing in line. That alone will mean less stress at major tourist attractions.
A Jumping Off Point For Europe
Britain was never part of the Schengen agreement that governed European visa rules. For Americans, this means you can visit Britain for 6 months out of every year. You still need your passport to visit Europe as always. If you are from this list of countries, you will still need a Schengen visa. Americans don’t need a Schengen visa and you can stay in one of the Schengen visa countries for 90 days out of every 6 months.
There will be lots of changes once the Brexit agreement is hammered out. For example, those low-cost airfares throughout Europe from London may rise because all the low-service airlines will need to renegotiate their air service contracts. Britain may become a less attract hub for visitors to Europe but that hasn’t happened yet.
Get thee onto an EasyJet or Ryanair flight pronto!
Europe is Cheaper
So the Euro is also sliding down in value. Thanks to Britain being the first to make a break for the border, other countries are wondering if they too should bolt. For example, polls show 61% of French voters dislike Europe. Along with Germany, France is a corner-stone of the European Union. Just like the far-right politicians in France, right-wingers in The Netherlands applaud Brexit. With Europe facing internal and external pressure (those Syrian refugees haven’t gone away), the Euro will be weak for some time.
In my opinion, there’s really no point in speculating what deals will be struck between Europe and Britain until it happens. We have no idea of the impact of the referendum vote for Brexit in the long term. In the short to medium term, Brexit means visitors to Britain can enjoy a cheaper holiday with less crowds.
Why now is a great time to visit Britain
So, come visit Britain while the going is good. Britain will be grateful for your tourist money (considering it has jacked up its own economy for no good reason).
Primrose Hill is one of my favourite neighbourhoods in London. When we were house-hunting in the area, we were choosing between Primrose Hill and St John’s Wood. In the end, we choose St John’s Wood because the houses were nicer and it was less of a so-trendy-it-hurts scene. A disappointed Primrose Hill real estate agent told us that we were making a big mistake and that we would miss Primrose Hill’s vibrancy. We didn’t. But we did visit often as it was only across the park. If you would like to experience a part of London that the average tourist does not frequent, I would recommend the Primrose Hill neighbourhood. Along those lines, I’ve put together a list of 5 things you need to know about Primrose Hill in London.
Colourful terrace homes in Primrose Hill
Where is Primrose Hill?
Primrose Hill itself is a large hilly park just north of Regents Park Zoo (and a part of the Royal Park of Regents Park). The two parks are intersected by Prince Albert Road which connects crazy cool Camden with sedate upscale St. John’s Wood. The Primrose Hill neighbourhood is in the middle picking up aspects of both of its neighbours.
The popular press always talk about the celebrities that populate Primrose Hill. In my experience it has been overrun with general wealthy City types. The heyday of the celebrities living in Primrose Hill was in the 1990’s. If the Daily Mail is to be believed Kate Moss, Sadie Frost and her husband Jude Law threw crazy house parties. Adding music cred, the Gallagher Brothers also lived nearby (several ex-wives ago). Most of them have moved onto other parts of North London (mostly Highgate) which have more privacy, leafier gardens and better schools. Yes, even the party kids have to grow up.
When the area was developed in the early 19th century, Regents Park and Primrose Hill were considered suburbs because London itself was much smaller. Today it is fairly central and firmly within zone 2 of the Tube.
A Brief History of Primrose Hill
I’ve heard taxi drivers tell me that Primrose Hill was actually a plague pit from the 14th century. Plague pits were where the bodies of people who died from the Bubonic Plague were dumped. Almost 1/3 of the population of the City of London died from the plague and so the bodies were just dumped as quickly as they could be found in large burial pits. This story could potentially be true as there have been plague pits found nearby and the area would have been sufficiently outside of the medieval city to be a countryside dumping ground. No one has actually dug it up so we don’t know if it is. Usually these things are found when you are excavating for a tube line extension or similar.
Not much happened in Primrose Hill from the time of the supposed plague pit until the mid-19th century. The rapidly expanding middle class in London needed somewhere to live. Thanks to the British Empire, London was the most populous city in the world at the time. So, enter the developers.
An attempt to prettify the railroad bridge over the railroad tracks that delineate Primrose Hill.
In the early 19th century, architect John Nash, with the blessing of the king, was building villas for the ‘great and the good’ in Regents Park. That scheme wasn’t as extensive as proposed because Nash was more creative than business-minded. At the same time, St. John’s Wood was being developed as one of the first ‘suburbs’ of London with spacious villas and low-density housing.
The semi-detached villas were built to accommodate a family and their servants.
Primrose Hill was likewise tagged for development but, along the way, it became less villas and more terraced houses. Unlike the other two neighbourhoods, the railroad tracks (and their accompanying industrial elements) were too close for comfort for the aspiring middle-classes who wanted villas. There were some villas built which housed single-families who were comfortably wealthy sufficiently far from the tracks.
An idyllic sunday in the park when life is good.
So, what was a poor developer to do with rest of the land? They crammed in housing. Where there would have been a pair of semi-detached villas on a lot, they put about 5 terraced homes. These terraces became homes for the working class with families taking an entire floor (or if they were really poor, stuck into one room).
The Primrose Hill of Today
Primrose Hill likes to think of itself as a village. (Somewhat pretentious because it never was!). When we were house-hunting, one of the things that put me off were all the AGA cookers. If you live in the English countryside, you have to cook on an AGA cooker/oven. It’s in the contract as soon as you buy a home in middle-codswallop-on-the-river. Along with the subscription to Country Life magazine. You really don’t need one in London other than to pretend you live in a little village in the middle of nowhere.
What are the 5 things you need to know about Primrose Hill?
Regents Park Road is the Epicentre
The main drag in Primrose Hill is Regents Park Road. Although the area does not have chain stores (e.g., Pret a Manger, McDonalds), it does have branches of select stores. Dahling, you have to shop rich to understand the difference. For example, there is a branch of upscale Nicolas (a French wine store), Graham and Greene (boho-chic interior furnishings) and Mary’s Living and Giving (boutiquey thrift shops established by retail expert Mary Portas for Save the Children).
One of the many great pubs in Primrose Hill.
I personally love Primrose Hill Books which is an independent bookseller which has a curated selection of books (written by locals as well as others). Primrose Hill has a long history of leftist/liberal intellectual credentials with numerous famous locals having lived in the neighbourhood, such as Frederich Engels (philosopher), Alan Bennett (playwright) and the Milband Brothers (politicians).
Thin and rich does not mean you have to be stupid.
Be Serious About Food…
Of course, Primrose Hill is home to a lot of foodies. Or, foodies, if only they could bring themselves to eat carbohydrates. Maybe they just smell the fresh aroma of good bread. Anthony Delicatessen has great Italian food. My son loves the parma ham it sells. On Saturdays, there is a farmer’s market held in the neighbourhood.
Do NOT come into this neighbourhood with plastic bags.
In terms of restaurants, Greenberry Cafe is popular with the ladies who lunch crowd with a well-deserved reputation for good food. Lemonia is a local favourite Greek restaurant which has been there for ages. People are always asking us to lunch there – it’s good but not great in my opinion. I much prefer Odette’s which has been around for a really long time as well and is consistently good. My children love Cachao which makes great sweet or savoury crepes. The cafe being part of a charming toy store has nothing to do with their love.
Shepherd’s Foods is a little supermarket along the lines of Partridges in Sloane Square which in turn tries to be the cooler version of Fortnum & Mason. Not surprising since the same family (Shepherd) own both Shepherds and Partridges. Just like Partridges, you will find a selection of American brands at Shepherds.
One of several fabulous wine places in Primrose Hill
But Not So Serious As To Be More than a Size Two
The fashionistas will also be happy in Primrose Hill. I love Anna, a store that has been there for years and has great sales. For children, there is I Love Gorgeous which sells charming (if expensive) girls’ dresses. Elias and Grace is a great store for children’s clothes for both genders. On the less expensive side, you also have Fara Kids (a charity store which sells hardly-used and brand name hand-me-downs from local rich kids).
Must Love Socialising
There are side streets nearby which has more stores, restaurants and pubs. For example, Gloucester Avenue was one of the roads that unluckily backs onto the railroad tracks on one side. On Gloucester Road, we really like The Landsdowne Pub and, just down the road, The Engineer. The Lansdowne Pub has a great restaurant upstairs (with a roof terrace overlooking the railroad tracks).
The Engineer has a great outside courtyard area to hang out in the sunshine.
The Engineer has a charming courtyard in the backyard. In between the two pubs, there’s Primrose Bakery which is a neighbourhood favourite. Across from The Engineer, next door to high-end deli Melrose and Morgan you can take a nice stroll along the canal towpath. One way will take you to funky Camden Town Market and the other way will take you to the genteel prettiness of Little Venice.
In my experience, the pubs in Primrose Hill are always packed. It’s a good thing then that they are great places to hang out!
Must Love Dogs
You have to understand that the people in Primrose Hill love dogs. Not only is the park nearby, having a dog is part of that English country living thing. You can’t take a long bracing walk over the rolling hills of the English countryside with a cat, can you??
One lucky doggie riding in style.
Visiting Primrose Hill
Primrose Hill really is a walk across Prince Albert Road from Regents Park. From the top of the hill, you will get fabulous views across London. It is easily accessible by tube as well (Chalk Farm Tube Station).
I think the nicest way to visit if you are a tourist is to take in the very pretty Regents Park and then have a lunch/dinner/drinks in Primrose Hill. As soon as you leave the Baker Street area, the crowds that characterise tourist-central-London melt away. London’s charms are much easier to appreciate if you are not constantly being jostled by people. You will definitely find yourself hanging out with the London locals (and possibly a celebrity). After Primrose Hill, it’s a short walk to visit Camden Town (maybe via the scenic canal path route near Melrose and Morgan?) and its market mayhem. Be forewarned, you will once again find yourself with the throngs having left idyllic Primrose Hill behind.
Having always admired the street art in the Shoreditch area of London, I was excited to take a tour with Alternative London Tours. These tours had been recommended by my friend, Sheryl of Hot Chiu Sauces who had previously taken the London Walking Tour by this company. A group of us booked a private tour and workshop through Alternative London tours where we were able to have a street art tour followed by a hands-on workshop. Having been in the neighbourhood previously, I was familiar with the area’s street art. I learned so much from my street art tour of Shoreditch, however, that I have a new-found appreciation for it.
Street Art in Shoreditch
The Shoreditch area has become synonymous with young creatives in London. Located in East London, the area was taken over by people priced out of rapidly rising costs in more traditional areas of west London. These newcomers, of course, priced out the locals who lived in the area – the working class and Bangladeshi immigrant communities. Along with the young trend setters, you got the boutique hotels, hip bars, art galleries and great restaurants. All this gentrification provides plenty of wall space and hoarding to put up street art.
You can find the most street art in any area of London in Shoreditch. Everywhere you turn there is something to catch your eye. Some of the works are put up with the approval of the owners of the property who think it will attract people to check out their businesses. Permission also allows the artist to spend time putting up a more complicated piece of work. The works without permission have to be put up quickly because vandalism is a crime.
The Street Art Tour of Shoreditch
By its ephemeral nature, he actual street art in Shoreditch is ever changing. On the other hand, you know there will always be plenty of it to see in Shoreditch. Although our tour took about 2 hours, we did not actually go very far because there is so much packed into a small area.
Street art appears in lots of different mediums.
I’m used to street art being painted like the murals I saw at the Berlin Wall or Batman Alley in Sao Paulo in Brasil.
Shoreditch is like a giant open air art gallery or art fair. You get such variety in the works – stencils, paste-ups, tags etc. Just like any art gallery, not all of the work is great quality. I saw some stuff that looked like it could have been a 70’s era velvet painting. Who knows? Maybe, it’s retro chic and I just missed the hipster irony.
This is the work of Benjamin Murphy who uses electrical tape.
A work by Dr. Cream – paper stuck onto a wall.
Citizen Kane works with resin.
This guy likes to put polyfilla mushrooms on top of buildings.
Gregor is a French artist who casts his face into sculpture and then sticks the result on walls around the world.
This artist just adds his work onto street signs.
Jones makes bronze sculptures that fit specifically into holes he finds around the city. This piece is plugged into the hole on top of a street pole.
Street artists are moving online.
French street artist Invader has his own app (Flash Invaders) where you can search for his work and win points when you find them. Think geocaching for street art. He has put his distinctive work in about 65 countries. His work refers to the early pixelated video games of the 80’s such as Space Invaders. The highest scorer on the Flash Invaders game has found over 1000 pieces of art. This guy is prolific! (No cheating – the sites you enter are checked by GPS so that you can’t just pretend to have found his work!).
Invader has a signature style based on 80s video games.
British urban artist, Insa, creates “gif-iti” which is a term he coined to describe his works. He puts hand-painted art up on the street, and then when you view them through his app, they become animated gifs.
A small version of Insa gif-iti
As stated on his website, his gif-iti become “...slices of infinite un-reality, cutting edge art for the tumblr generation.”
Check out his work on tumblr (a natural choice as the home of the gif). His website, Insaland, even has a store where you can buy his works. (What did Napoleon say about Britain being a nation of shopkeepers?) Even a British avant-garde urban artist has an online shop.
Street artists are not all youngsters.
This poignant piece of work was created by Citizen Kane in memory of his son who killed himself. He was making sculpture out of foam and Fimo in the 1980’s so you figure he’s got to at least 35 years old.
A work by Citizen Kane entitled portal.
Our guide told us that he had been to a recent birthday party for Australian street artist, Jimmy C. A little digging (ok, Wikipedia) reveals Jimmy C was born in 1973 making him currently 41 years old. By the way, this work took 8 hours to do (which obviously required the cooperation of the building’s owner). I’m impressed at how fast he could do this work!
A work by Jimmie C
Shoreditch has street art from artists around the world.
I was surprised by how much of the street art in Shoreditch is from artists around the world. For example, Roa is a Belgian street artist whose works also appear in other major cities like New York, Berlin and Paris.
Roa’s work involves monochromatic wild animals.
Another grayscale animal by Roa.
Street art can convey subtle political messages.
Thanks to the anonymity of street artists it encourages freedom of expression. And, not all of it has to have the hit-you-over-the-head messages from the Berlin Wall.
Check out this work by French graphically-trained urban artist Zabou who now lives in London. She, too, has an online store on her website.
A work by Zabou about children and war (paint).
Stik is a home-grown talent who likes to paint these distinctive stick figures. It’s amazing how much emotion can be conveyed in a simple stick figure.
This stick man is definitely giving the neighbourhood the side-eye.
Street artists may choose to work with the establishment.
French urban artist, Invader, mentioned above, collaborated with NASA to send a piece of contemporary art into space to put in the International Space Station.
British artist, Ben Eine (say it fast – get it??), has had a series of gallery shows around the world. His work has been bought by the Obamas and hangs in the White House.
Ben Eine is known for his colourful work using typography.
Art under an over pass.
Perceived value is everything.
There’s about a half-million in difference in price between these two pieces of art. The top one is by British street artist superstar Banksy and is covered in a plastic protective cover. The second one is by Bambi, another British artist. She has been hailed as a female Banksy but has yet to achieve the astronomic prices. By the way, here’s a comprehensive list of Banksy street art you can still see in London.
Banksy street art protected by a plastic covering.
You can see the similarities between Banksy and Bambi.
This piece is by Frenchman Thierry Noir who is believed to be the first person to have painted a mural on the Berlin Wall. This work is located right next to the Banksy work shown above but is not covered in plastic covering. It sits behind trash bins and you can see the effect the constant banging of the bins has had on the work.
A work by Thierry Noir partially hidden by bin.
Create Your Own Street Art Workshop
Wow! I learned quickly that spray can artwork is a hard medium to master. I have new found respect for street artists who can quickly throw up a piece of art in a matter of minutes. Apparently it takes 7 minutes from being spotted to having the police show up to disrupt your creativity.
I won’t embarrass myself with the work I produced. Currently hanging in my daughter’s room, my piece has pink and green stars and a black unicorn. It’s very Taylor Swift and she loves it.
This photo is of my friend who is a real artist – which no doubt you can tell by how great her first effort at spray painting came out.
Lost in creativity.
Details on the Street Art Tour
Alternative Tours London runs tours in Shoreditch regularly covering a variety of topics including street art. I found our guide knowledgeable and enthusiastic. A street artist himself, he could have spent hours talking about street art. The workshop, held in Hackney near Columbia Road, was also a lot of fun. I enjoyed it more than I thought I would because I am terrible at creating art. My forte is definitely more art appreciation than art creation. In fact, I enjoyed it so much that I’m thinking of doing a workshop with my daughter.
This post is linked with City Tripping.
I heard this traditional Welsh song on the tour bus before we stepped out onto the Brecon Beacons National Park in Wales.
We’ll keep a welcome in the hillside
We’ll keep a welcome in the Vales
This land you know will still be singing
When you come home again to Wales.
Mai Jones (1940)
As far as I was concerned though, you couldn’t hear the land singing so much as the wind whistling. Even though I was bundled up from the cold, within a few minutes, my eyes were tearing, my nose running and my ears ringing. As we hiked up the hill, I could appreciate the beauty of the landscape despite the discomfort. Just about.
The Brecon Beacons National Park
The Brecon Beacons national park stretches out over 332,100 acres with the valleys undulated between the Brecon mountains. The stone formations ripple from the icy farewell kiss of glaciers retreating after the last Ice Age. No one view the same as the other. Wild and remote, I can see the dramatic landscape bringing out the poet in anyone so inclined. It’s no surprise to me that some of the best fantasy writers in English – C.S. Lewis, Philip Pullman and Roald Dahl are Welsh.
The highest mountain in Southern Britain, Pen y Fan, is located in the Brecon-Beacons National Park. George Everest, the geographer for whom Mt. Everest is named, was a local boy who grew up clambering up and down the local mountains. Paul, our guide from See Wales Tours, is on a personal mission to make sure that everyone knows that Everest is correctly pronounced Eve (as in the wife of Adam)-rest. So now you know. Feel free to throw that tidbit about at your next cocktail party if you want to sound like a pretentious plonker.
Who Lives There
Even though most of the population of Wales opts to live in the valleys nowadays (sensibly in my opinion), the Celts choose to live in hill forts above the valleys. From their high vantage point, they could see unfriendly people or animals approaching. I guess when confronted with the risk of death, being somewhat cold was a minor inconvenience. Wales has evidence of over 600 of these Celtic hill forts with 24 of them being in the Brecon Beacons. I would’ve have taken a photo of the fort we were shown if my fingers weren’t so numb from the cold.
These forts though were no match for the Romans who invaded in 43 AD. They eventually managed to subdue the Celtic tribes and set up their main base near the town of Beacon. Although you think of sheep as being a dominant part of the Welsh landscape, they are actually imports. The sheep were brought to Wales by the Romans from the areas of their empire we now know as Iran and Iraq.
Did you know that during the spring and summer, there are 3 million people in Wales and 15 million sheep? The sheep become fat and happy until they are culled in the fall. Pretty much everywhere I looked there were sheep.
After the Romans, it was the turn of the Normans to invade Wales. As they did in England, the Normans were big on building castles to keep their stranglehold on the local population. There are 641 castles in Wales and 6 of them are in the Brecon Beacons.
The Brecon-Beacons is also home to about 2000 wild ponies. No longer needed to work in the coal mines, the ponies are left to graze in the moorlands and keep the grass under control.
As an American, I find it surprising that there are homes and towns in British national parks. Unlike the USA where the government was able to designate national parks before they got settled, these lands have been settled for hundreds of years. The Brecon Beacons was only designated a national park in 1957 – a mere blink of an eye relative to the amount of time people have lived there.
The main town in the Brecon-Beacons National Park is Brecon with a population of about 20,000. There has been a settlement in the Beacon area for over 2000 years.
What to See and Do
The Brecon Beacons send out a homing signal for local outdoorsy types (of which there seemed to be many). We saw many hardy souls hiking the mountains despite the blustery wind. There is plenty of good hiking and biking trails. The rivers provide water activities and fishing. A portion of the Brecon Beacons has achieved Dark Skies status which means that the star gazing will be excellent.
For city folk like me, who prefer ‘soft adventure’ after a bracing (if short) walk, there are great country pubs and restaurants in the Brecon Beacons. While I was on my tour, my husband and children enjoyed a long leisurely Sunday lunch at The Three Horseshoes Inn in Brecon which they told me was excellent.
While they were testing out the culinary options, I went to the UNESCO world heritage site, the Big Pit National Coal Museum, which tells the story of coal mining in Wales. Divide and conquer and all that.
In terms of towns, Brecon has a small but charming cathedral. The Norman castle is a wreck and not worth visiting. In addition, Hay-on-Wye is a small town just at the edge of the national park which holds a world-renowned literature festival every year.
Wales is blessed to have 20% of its land mass designated as national parks. There are three national parks – the Pembrokeshire Coast in West Wales, Snowdonia in North Wales and the Brecon Beacons in the South. The most easily accessible for visitors is the Brecon Beacons. You can easily reach the Brecon Beacons from Cardiff in about an hour. There are regular express train connections from London to Cardiff.
Our day trip from Cardiff only covered a small portion of the Brecon Beacons. I had a great overview of how beautiful the park is thanks to our day with See Wales Tours which was organised by the Welsh Tourist Board. My family choose and paid for their own itinerary. As ever, all opinions are my own.